An analysis of citation forms in Health Science journals

Proper citation is a concern for most university students, not least those who
are submitting articles for publication. This paper reports on an investigation
into the ways in which authors refer to the work of others in research journals
to which postgraduate students in the field of health science would be
likely to submit articles. The use of integral and non-integral structures and
the choice of reporting verbs are quantified in an entire issue of 11 journals
in the broad health sciences areas, comprising 93 separate research articles.
A general pattern can be discerned, in line with Hyland’s finding (1999),
chiefly that biological subjects such as physiology and radiology are more
likely to use non-integral referencing than behavioural sciences, although
there are important exceptions. Denotive forms of reporting verbs are far
more common than evaluative. The main conclusion, however, is that forms
of attribution vary from author to author. Research students writing for any
of the journals would therefore be able to use any citation form to articulate
their own authorial “voice”.

Publication Source Information
Clugston, Marie
Year of publication: 
Title of Journal, Edited book or Conference and Page numbers: 
Journal of Academic Language and Learning, Vol. 2, No. 1; pp. A11-A22
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